According to the news from China Singapore Jingwei, on the 6th, the Publicity Department of the CPC Central Committee held a press conference on "implementing the innovation driven development strategy and building a strong country with science and technology". According to Wangzhigang, Minister of science and technology, the production and sales of new energy vehicles in China have ranked first in the world for seven consecutive years.
Wangzhigang said that we should give play to the penetration, diffusion and subversion of science and technology to provide more source supply, scientific and technological support and new growth space for high-quality development. Science and technology have the function of "making things out of nothing", and new technologies will drive new industries.
First, science and technology led the development of emerging industries. The application of emerging technologies such as artificial intelligence, big data, blockchain and quantum communication has been accelerated, and new products and formats such as intelligent terminals, telemedicine and online education have been cultivated. The scale of China's digital economy ranks second in the world. Technological breakthroughs have opened up some blocking points in China's emerging industries. The scale of solar photovoltaic, wind power, new display, semiconductor lighting, advanced energy storage and other industries also ranks first in the world.
Second, science and technology promote the upgrading of traditional industries. For more than 20 years, "three horizontal and three vertical" technology research and development has formed a relatively complete innovation layout of new energy vehicles in China, and the production and sales volume has ranked first in the world for seven consecutive years. Based on China's coal based energy endowment, accelerate research and development on efficient and clean utilization of coal. For 15 consecutive years, the company has deployed research and development of megawatt ultra supercritical high-efficiency power generation technology. The minimum coal consumption for power supply can reach 264 grams per kilowatt hour, which is much lower than the national average and also at the global advanced level. At present, the technology and demonstration project have been popularized nationwide, accounting for 26% of the total installed capacity of coal-fired power.
Third, science and technology supported the construction of major projects. The UHV power transmission project, the global networking of Beidou navigation satellite and the operation of the Fuxing high-speed train are all driven by major technological breakthroughs. The successful development of the "deep sea No. 1" drilling platform and its formal production mark that China's offshore oil exploration and development has entered the 1500 meter ultra deep water era.
Fourth, science and technology enhance the competitiveness of enterprises. Enterprises' investment in science and technology has been increasing, accounting for more than 76% of the whole society's R & D investment. The proportion of corporate R & D expenses plus deduction has increased from 50% in 2012 and 75% in 2018 to 100% of the current technology-based small and medium-sized enterprises and manufacturing enterprises. The number of national high-tech enterprises has increased from 49000 more than a decade ago to 330000 in 2021. The R & D investment accounts for 70% of the national enterprise investment. The tax paid has increased from 0.8 trillion in 2012 to 2.3 trillion in 2021. Among the enterprises listed on the science and Innovation Board of Shanghai Stock Exchange and Beijing stock exchange, high-tech enterprises accounted for more than 90%.
Fifth, science and technology promote regional innovation and development. Beijing, Shanghai, Guangdong, Hong Kong, Macao and the Great Bay area are playing a more and more important role in leading and radiating innovation. Their R & D investment accounts for more than 30% of the country's total. 70% and 50% of the contract value of technology transactions in Beijing and Shanghai are exported to other places, respectively. This is the exemplary role of central radiation in driving. 169 high-tech zones have gathered more than one-third of the country's high-tech enterprises. The per capita labor productivity is 2.7 times the national average, and the number of college graduates accounts for 9.2% of the country's total. From January to April this year, the operating income of the national high tech Zone was 13.7 trillion yuan, an increase of 7.8% year-on-year, showing a good growth momentum.
Sixth, cultivate high-level scientific and technological talents. Strong talents and science and technology are the premise of strong industry, economy and country, and the most lasting driving force and the most important leading force for high-quality development. We attach more importance to the role of talents as the first resource, and discover, cultivate and bring up talents in innovative practice. A large number of outstanding scientific and technological workers have made unremitting efforts to tackle tough problems, and have broken through a number of key core technologies such as manned spaceflight, satellite navigation and deep-sea exploration. Just after the successful launch of Shenzhou 14, the construction of our space station will usher in a new era. It has also established a number of leading scientific and technological enterprises with international competitiveness, making important contributions to solving key scientific problems and bottlenecks in economic and social development.
Wangzhigang said that the next step will be to accelerate the strengthening of basic research, the integrated layout of application development and technological innovation, further strengthen the dominant position of enterprise innovation, create more new development advantages and create a new engine of high-quality development.
Post time: Jun-06-2022